First of all, I’d like to give a huge THANK YOU for the overwhelming support you all gave me after last week’s relaunch of the site. I’m so excited that you’re excited! Your encouragement and enthusiasm made all the work I put into it way worth while.

Now, let’s talk about food.


Hi, I am a dog trainer who uses food in training – and I absolutely love it. I train using primarily positive reinforcement. What this means is that I add something good to increase the likelihood of a behavior occurring again. If I add something and it does not increase the behavior, it’s not doing the job. More importantly, it’s the learner who decides what is reinforcing and what isn’t. Just because you want Fluffy to enjoy pets does not mean Fluffy will enjoy pets.

The thing about food is that it is a primary reinforcer, meaning animals are hard wired to like it and want it. Most of the time, food is good enough to make a behavior happen again (depending on the difficulty of the behavior and the value of the food, but that’s for an entirely different post). Toys, praise, etc. are not always a good enough reinforcer, at least in the beginning, to increase a behavior. It’s like the equivalent of giving you a glass of lemonade to mow the lawn, versus giving you $20 to mow the lawn. Which is more motivating? (Trick question: it’s actually your spouse’s nagging.)


As much as we would love our dogs to work with us “just because they want to,” that is not the case. They don’t want the glass of lemonade. Well, some do. But most don’t. We need to pay them and make it worth it for them. There are times when toys or praise just won’t cut it with our dogs, especially for tough behaviors like not going bat s*%t crazy when the doorbell rings. Using food in training allows us to mark and reward behaviors we like so that our dogs begin to do them more often. Stay calm to earn a “good boy!” from my human? No thanks. Stay calm for some juicy hot dogs? Now you’re talking!

I totally understand the concerns people have about using food to train their dog. The three gripes I hear most often are 1) I don’t want a dog who will only work if I have food 2) I don’t want my dog to get fat and 3) I don’t want my dog to think he now deserves my people food. Here’s the shocking part to a lot of people: trainers who use food don’t want any of those things either!

If you use food correctly, you can avoid all of those issues. Seriously! 1) Don’t go to your treat stash until after your dog has completed the behavior. As in, don’t stick the treat in front of Fluffy’s face and then give the cue. Give the cue, then treat. This makes it a reward, not a bribe. 2) I’m a big fan of shifting calories away from the food bowl. This is a win-win because your dog is working for his meals and therefore not taking in a ton of extra calories, and he’s getting extra mental stimulation! Which we know is super important. Lastly, 3) People food is only “people food” if it comes from the dinner table. Have you checked out the ingredients labels on your dog food bag? It (hopefully, ha) consists of what we consider “people food” – not a foreign substance from a faraway planet. Your dog will not translate getting cheese as treats to automatically deserving a bite of your grilled cheese sandwich. (But then again if he does think that, just teach him an awesome “place” behavior while you eat dinner and maybe he can get a bite or two!?)


Do I fade the food eventually? For many behaviors, yes. Or I at least move to a more variable rate of reinforcement with treats while transitioning to functional rewards like getting the leash put on before a walk or tossing the toy. But for some behaviors, like a potentially life-saving recall or serious behavior modification, I usually don’t. The strategies and theories behind how long and how often we use food are a bit more complex and for another post.

Now, of course, like with everything else in the dog world, there are exceptions. There are dogs who will bend over backwards for their human’s giggle or for the toss of a ball. For those dogs, those functional rewards are more motivating and reinforcing. But most dogs need that food when you’re teaching them. I’m writing this because I had a really funny/borderline mortifying experience when I did a taping for a local news show the other day (which deserves its own post) and I wanted to address the whole “treats in training” debacle before I write about that experience. Because I don’t know about you, but I’m not working for just hugs, kisses or lemonade, no siree, Bob – and I wouldn’t expect my dogs to either.


Baxter & Piggy Spread the Love

Those of you who are foster parents know how rewarding it is to get positive updates from your former fosters in their new homes. What’s even better is seeing with your own eyes how well your animal is doing – how they’ve adjusted, how they’re making bonds with their new family, and just how happy they are.

I got the privilege of seeing Baxter with his new family last weekend for a special occasion. During his stay with me, Baxter and I visited one of his biggest fans: Big Bruno’s mother. Of course she had heard all about Baxter, so we went down there one day to meet her in person. Once Baxter was in his new home, his forever family was gracious enough to bring him & his new sister over to introduce themselves to Big Bruno’s mom as well. It ended up being a big reunion and an incredible visit, hanging out with the two happy dogs and their amazing parents. Big Bruno’s mother and Baxter rekindled their friendship as if they’d been life long buddies.

Miss Piggy, being the love bug she is, joined right in. They both soaked up the attention, and of course.. the treats.

Bax & Miss Piggy didn’t fail to show us just how happy they are as brother and sister. They broke into a few wrestling matches but stopped frequently to distribute kisses around the room. A dose of these two faces will make anyone’s day brighter!

“I’m Not Begging”

Want to know what a “hungry” Baxter looks like? I’m sure you all know what I’m talking about… the dog that tries so hard to convince you they absolutely have not had meals in DAYS (despite the fact that they recently had a midday snack). Baxter’s techniques come in many forms.

One is the hover craft – never being far from the dog food dinner being made.

One is the sniper – eying the source from afar.

And then of course, one is the Decepticon – spinning webs of “I’m starving” lies using the look.

These techniques are often stronger than the human powers of resistance. Unlike begging, it is found that these alternative methods of convincing are not only extremely effective in achieving his dinner goals, but they are said to be nearly foolproof when weakening the Food Master’s willpower. How can you resist the silent little mouse that is merely watching you politely as you fix his dinner? Yeah, that’s right…¬† you can’t : -)

For more information on adopting Comeback Kid Baxter, click here or email